Some suffer from roughness of the joints, which results in a group of annoying symptoms, what is this disease and what are its causes, all of that and more in this article.
Roughness of the joints is a common type of arthritis that occurs as a result of cartilage erosion, which in turn makes the bone exposed and rubs against each other, leading to the emergence of many unpleasant symptoms that affect the health of the patient and limit the practice of his life normally and as usual.
Here is everything related to this disease in terms of causes, methods of diagnosis and various treatments.
Medical definition of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis (osteoarthritis) , a well – known disease , osteoarthritis is a health condition that affects the joints of the body leads to the sensation of pain whenever move the affected joint.
Where in the normal case the joint is covered with a layer of cartilage that acts as a cushion to protect the bones, help the joint move smoothly and protect it from friction.
But in the case of osteoarthritis, the cartilage dissolves and becomes thin, so the bones become without protection, so friction occurs, which limits the ease of movement in the joint and inflammation causing pain.
Causes of joint roughness
There are several reasons for joint roughness, the most important of which are:Volume 0%
- Excess weight that causes double pressure on the joints.
- Aging leads to cartilage erosion.
- Bone fractures.
- Lack of fluid in the joint.
- Hereditary factor.
- Frequently climbing and descending stairs.
- Rheumatic disease .
- Gout and osteoporosis.
Symptoms of joint roughness
In general, patients with osteoarthritis suffer from the following symptoms:
- Pain : It is one of the main symptoms and is described as acute pain or a severe burning sensation that appears and disappears from time to time.
- Stiffness: stiffness in the joints, especially when waking up in the morning or after a period of inactivity or rest.
- Muscle weakness: the muscles surrounding the joint become weak, especially in cases of stiff knees.
- Spasms and cramps: Muscle spasms or contractions of the tendons attached to the joint may occur .
- Swelling: Usually, joint roughness does not cause severe swelling, but rather a slight swelling, especially in the knees.
- Joint deformity: The joints appear deformed and may lead to bowing of the legs, especially in the advanced stages of this disease.
- Crackling and popping: usually shows sounds crackling or pop when you move the joint or touch.
Where does arthritis appear?
Arthritis occurs in the jaw, shoulders, arm, wrist and ankle if there are no injuries or unusual conditions in these joints.
This condition affects the following areas:
- Fingers: In the beginning of the disease, an enlarged state of the finger joints can occur, and pain, stiffness and weakness may occur in the joints.
- A spine: a defect occurs in the cylinders of the spine between the bones along the length of the spine and leads to stiffness in the back and neck.
Treating joint roughness
In normal cases and when the problem is in its early stages, the doctor prescribes the patient to take some drugs and medicines that work to reduce the swelling and inflammation that appear in the joints, in addition to that, the doctor prescribes some medicines to preserve the cartilage and reduce its erosion.
The treatment period for joint roughness continues according to the stages of progression of the disease, and during the treatment period, few old habits change in a person’s life, so he becomes forced to exercise some exercises and avoid certain movement positions and most importantly, weight loss to reduce the load on all joints.